The National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) is the body of medical ‘experts’ charged with making vaccine recommendations for “the use of vaccines currently or newly approved for use in humans in Canada”. The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) publishes these recommendations in the Canadian Immunization Guide. Of interest is that, as of October 2012, eight out of the ten voting members of the NACI had direct and/or indirect conflicts of interest related to drug companies, many of which manufacture vaccines. Please note that, as of October 2012, the online Canadian Immunization Guide fails to include the following recently approved changes to the early childhood vaccine schedule: addition of Rotavirus vaccine and a second dose of Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine; replacement of Pneu-C-7 with Pneu–C–13 vaccine.
The planning, funding and delivery of vaccine programs are the responsibility of the provinces and territories. Although their vaccine schedules are based on NACI recommendations, they vary from one region to another depending on epidemiological and financial considerations. Publicly Funded Immunization Programs in Canada
As of June 2012, following are the recommendations listed on provincial/territorial vaccine schedules FOR THE FIRST EIGHTEEN MONTHS OF LIFE ALONE:
32 to 41 vaccine doses
13 to 16 individual vaccines
5 to 9 vaccination sessions with up to 12 vaccine doses injected at one session
In New Brunswick, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut, infants are injected with a first dose of Hepatitis B vaccine within hours of birth; in the NWT and Nunavat, BCG (tuberculosis) vaccine is injected then as well; the rest of the country starts multiple injections/drops at two months. At this vaccination session, parents are offered at least six or seven vaccines which include the 5 in 1 DtaP-IPV-Hib or 6 in 1 DtaP-HB-IPV-Hib and Pneu-C-13 (see Descriptions of Abbreviations below).
In most regions, these vaccines offered at two months are again offered at four and six months and all regions offer the first dose of Influenza vaccine at six months. However, some haven’t yet caught up with the NACI’s quickly-expanding Pneu-C-13 recommendations and, in some cases, additional vaccines such as Rotavirus and Men-C are scheduled.
At twelve months or at twelve and fifteen months, your baby could be injected with the 4 live viruses in MMRV or in MMR and Varicella vaccines along with Men-C and possibly a fourth dose of Pneu–C–13.
At fifteen or eighteen months you may be offered various vaccines including a second dose of MMRV or MMR and Varicella; all regions offer DTaP/IPV/Hib at eighteen months. To top all that off, prior to kindergarten or school entry, every region offers ‘booster doses’ of some of the infant/toddler vaccines. (Please note that these “offers” will probably be more forceful than that word suggests; it’s wise to do thorough research before subjecting yourself and your child to them.)
In the first 18 months of life, an average of 36 doses of 13 to 16 vaccines are listed in the regional vaccine schedules.
But even this very high average vaccination rate doesn’t tell the whole story. Pneu-C-13 contains 13 serotypes of lab altered pneumococcal bacteria; Inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) and influenza vaccines each contain 3 lab altered viruses. As an example, if these are factored in, the 32 vaccine doses recommended in the first 18 months in both Manitoba and Nova Scotia, increases to 94 doses of lab altered pathogens. At this time, these two provinces don’t provide funding for Rotavirus which would add another 8-10 doses of lab-altered pathogens.
For your convenience, we provide links to the PHAC’s ‘Immunization Tools’ to find the vaccination schedule in your area of the country, customized according to province/territory and birth date or school grade. Recent, newly funded vaccines may not appear in these schedules if they’ve been added within the last three months. To learn of these and other vaccines which might be missing, contact your local public health office.
Remember, vaccines are not mandatory in Canada; only two provinces have legal requirements for school entry. Exemptions are allowed in all of them.
Note that PHAC attempts to assure parents that, “Vaccines work best when they’re given at the right time as your child grows.” Considering the variation in vaccination schedules across the country, we wonder which “right time” they’re referring to. Page 180 of Vaccine Epidemic shows a diagram from the Colorado Immunization Manual which illustrates possible puncture locations on babies receiving up to seven injections at one visit to a doctor or public health clinic. It warns that, “Injection sites should be separated by 1 inch.” Perhaps the concern about the “right time” has more to do with the ability to cram more vaccines into vaccination schedules than specific timing for best results.
PHAC also claims that, “Vaccines are safe, with huge benefits to children’s health – all through their lives.” But their statements indicating efficacy are impossible to prove. This is because science cannot prove a negative, eg it can never be shown that a vaccinated person remains infection-free due to vaccine rather than mere luck that the particular pathogen vaccinated against was not in their neighbourhood. Evidence for vaccine efficacy comes only from trial data showing antibody production (which is an unreliable indicator) or epidemiological statistics which show some correlation between historical declines in infectious disease and administration of vaccines (another unreliable indicator). For evidence that vaccines may not be the reason once-common infectious diseases declined, please see ‘Disease Trends’.
PHAC’s contention that “vaccines are safe” has never been proven by the only accurate method possible: scientifically rigorous studies comparing the long term overall health of vaccinated populations with unvaccinated. Furthermore, their statement that, “severe reactions…are reported immediately…so that any problems can be dealt with quickly” is nonsense. Even in provinces or territories which require reporting of adverse events, it’s not mandated and any reports which are made must survive vetting by the very agency which promotes vaccinations.
Descriptions of Abbreviations Listed:
DtaP–IPV–Hib five-valent combination vaccine, Diphtheria–Tetanus-acellular Pertussis–Polio-Haemophilus Influenzae B (Trade name ‘Pediacel’ or the older ‘Pentacel’)
DtaP–HB–IPV-Hib six-valent combination vaccine, Diphtheria–Tetanus-acellular Pertussis–Hepatitis B-Polio-Haemophilus Influenzae B (Trade name ‘Infanrix-hexa’)
HB Hepatitis B vaccine
HPV Human papillomavirus vaccine (Trade name ‘Gardasil’)
Influenza commonly known as the ‘Flu shot’; first given in 2 doses as early as 6 months followed by recommended yearly single doses (note that Haemophilus Influenzae B is a bacterial infection and not related to influenza)
Men–C Meningococcal serotype C vaccine
MMR three-valent live virus combination vaccine, Measles–Mumps-Rubella
MMRV four-valent live virus combination vaccine, Measles–Mumps–Rubella–Varicella (chickenpox)
Pneu–C–13 Pneumococcal vaccine containing representatives of 13 serotypes of pneumococcus
Rotavirus live oral vaccine containing 4 (‘RotaShield’) or 5 (‘RotaTeq’) serotypes of rotavirus
Tdap three-valent Tetanus-Diphtheria-Pertussis vaccine (Trade name ‘Adacel’)
Varicella live virus vaccine also known as chickenpox vaccine
Vaccine Choice Canada’s comprehensive safety information re Canadian vaccine ingredients can be found in the introduction of and sub-sections listed under ‘Vaccine Ingredients’.
The Canadian Immunization Guide can be found here
U.S. vaccine schedule (pdf)
Immunization Timeline – Canada